Phonological Patterns: Handouts for Parents & Teachers


Sometimes explaining phonological errors to parents and teachers can be a difficult task. We might forget to tell them information, or perhaps the parent was distracted and didn’t really take in much of what you said? Being able to provide parents and teachers with handouts on a range of phonological processes can help with this. The Phonological Patterns: Handouts for Parents & Teachers resource has been designed to ensures that parents and teachers can be easily given the key information they need about a child’s phonological errors. These handouts are accurate, concise, and are written in language that is parent and teacher friendly. Make quality information accessible to parents and teachers with the Phonological Patterns: Handouts for Parents and Teachers.


Phonological patterns can be really hard to explain so these simple handouts aim to educate, inform and hopefully empower parents and teachers to be part of the therapy process. As SLPs, we have an advantage of interpreting and understanding children’s phonology better, because we are aware of their patterns.


Each page introduces the idea of phonology and how some children might have difficulties organizing sounds. It then highlights the age that most children stop using the process, gives a visual example of what the child meant to say vs. what they actually said and lists other sounds that might be impacted in this error pattern. I strongly recommend reading & discussing this sheet with parents and teachers to answer any of their questions.

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Phonological Patterns in this set: Assimilation, Voicing, Devoicing, Final Consonant Deletion, Fronting, Stopping, Deaffrication, Weak Syllable Deletion, Cluster Reduction, Gliding, Backing, Initial Consonant Deletion and Coalescence.

Who would use them: These might be useful to provide to parents at an evaluation or assessment, at a feedback session, during an IEP or school meeting and to other family members and people in the child’s life.

Using norms: These handouts are intended for the SLP to distribute and discuss. Norms are referenced in the handouts and it is encouraged that you have an understanding about ‘cut-offs’ and typical speech development and not just rely heavily on the age that a process usually declines. I have listed the references (journal articles and texts) that I used to create this resource in the resource.

✅ — Thirteen, single-paged handouts
✅ — Cover typical phonological processes seen in English speaking children
✅ — Handouts provide a simple overview of phonology, the process with examples, the age most children stop using the process and lists sounds that are impacted.
✅ — This whole resource is in blackline – so easy to print & go
Clearly explain your phonological therapy approach with Phonology Interventions: Handouts for parents and teachers

What SLP’s like you are saying:

❝ A fantastic resource that I haven’t stopped using from the minute I downloaded it!❞

❝ I use this resource every day! It is clear, concise, easy to understand and provides everyday examples, perfect when talking to the client and their family.❞

❝ I love how these handouts explain phonological processes in a simple way that parents can understand!!❞

❝ These have honestly changed my life! They are absolutely fantastic to share with parents and teachers-you have totally nailed exactly what working SPs need!❞

This is a digital file and is licensed for one person to use. Upon purchase, you will receive a link to download the product. Printing and assembly of the product may be required. For more information about single-person use, please refer to our Terms of Use.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Rebecca Reinking is an SLP who works privately with children who have speech sound disorders. She has a particular interest in phonological interventions and strives to connect and collaborate with speech scientists to bridge the gap between research and clinical practice.

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